1984

  • Transverse Microscopic Anatomy of the Human Scalp
    Author: Headington (Arch Dermatol)
    Importance: First histologic description of the follicular unit.
  • 1994

  • Elliptical Donor Stereoscopically Assisted Micrografting as an Approach to Further Refinement in Hair Transplantation Microscopic Dissection
    Author: Limmer (Derm Surg)
    Importance: Stressed the importance of using single strip harvesting and stereo-microscopic dissection in generating small micro-grafts in order to avoid follicular transection and damage.
  • 1995

  • Follicular Transplantation
    Author: Bernstein, Rassman (J of Aest and Rest Surg)
    Importance: This is the first paper on Follicular Unit Transplantation. The authors state that the ideal hair restoration surgery should consist of performing the entire transplant using only naturally occurring, individual follicular units and that these units should be used in large numbers. The paper details the advantages of using follicular units exclusively in the restoration and introduces the term “follicular unit” into the hair transplant literature. See the publication “Follicular Transplantation.”
  • 1996

  • Follicular Transplantation
    Author: Bernstein (ISHRS, Nashville)
    Importance: Presented the theoretical basis of follicular transplantation and showed clinical results of using Follicular Transplantation in large sessions.
  • Dissection with Binocular Stereoscopic Dissecting Microscope
    Author: Seager (ISHRS, Nashville)
    Importance: Helped to popularize the use of the microscope by showing a video of microscopic dissection of follicular units.
  • 1997

  • Follicular Transplantation: Patient Evaluation and Surgical Planning
    Author: Bernstein, Rassman (Dermatologic Surgery)
    Importance: Details the management of the patient using follicular transplantation including “Diffuse Alopecia.” It explains how to identify, at a young age, those who would not be good candidates for surgical hair restoration in the future. See the publication “Follicular Transplantation: Patient Evaluation and Surgical Planning.”
  • The Aesthetics of Follicular Transplantation
    Author: Bernstein, Rassman (Dermatologic Surgery)
    Importance: Aesthetic issues including hair distribution, hairline design, crown restoration, and racial variations. These pared articles have been referred to as the “Bibles” of Follicular Unit Transplantation.” They established the foundation for the art of using follicular units in surgical hair restoration. See the publication “The Aesthetics of Follicular Transplantation.”
  • The Art of Follicular Transplantation
    Author: Bernstein (ISHRS, Barcelona)
    Importance: Quantified the clinical characteristics of follicular units and described the art of weighting and distribution of follicular unit implants for the best cosmetic results.
  • Which Is Best?
    Author: Bernstein, Beehner, Arnold (ISHRS, Barcelona, Spain)
    Importance: Bernstein debated the advantages of Follicular Unit Transplantation over Total Micrografting and Blend techniques in front of 450 hair transplant surgeons at the international meeting. This debate put FUT firmly on the map.
  • 1998

  • Standardizing the Classification and Description of Follicular Unit Transplantation and Mini-micrografting Techniques
    Author: Bernstein, et al. (Dermatologic Surgery)
    Importance: Bernstein leads a group of 21 hair transplant surgeons to establish a nomenclature and standards for describing small graft transplants. It specifically serves to differentiate the technique of follicular unit transplantation from mini-micro grafting cut to size. The name Follicular Transplantation is changed to the more descriptive Follicular Unit Transplantation. See Standardizing Hair Transplantation.
  • Dissecting Microscope Versus Magnifying Loupes with Transillumination in the Preparation of Follicular Unit Grafts
    Author: Bernstein, Rassman (Dermatologic Surgery)
    Importance: The first bilateral controlled study quantifying the advantage of the microscope in follicular unit graft dissection.
  • Standard Grafts – Is There a Place?
    Author: Bernstein, Unger (ISHRS, Washington, D.C.)
    Importance: Bernstein debated the advantages of Follicular Unit Transplantation over large-grafts hair transplant techniques at the ISHRS for an audience of hair restoration surgeons from around to world. He argued that the versatility and naturalness of this new hair replacement technique rendered the older, large-graft procedures obsolete. See the discussion at the Hair Transplant Debate page.
  • 1999

  • The Logic of Follicular Unit Transplantation
    Author: Bernstein, Rassman (Dermatologic Clinics)
    Importance: This is the first monograph on the rationale behind both the conceptual and technical aspects of Follicular Unit Transplantation. See The Logic of Follicular Unit Transplantation.
  • 2002

  • The Art of Repair in Surgical Hair Restoration – Part I: Basic Repair Strategies; Part II: The Tactics of Repair
    Author: Bernstein, Rassman (Dermatologic Surgery)
    Importance: These paired articles defined the state-of-the-art in correcting the cosmetic problems that resulted from outdated techniques and/or poor surgical planning. See “The Art of Repair in Surgical Hair Restoration” – Part I: Basic Repair Strategies and Part II: Tactics of Repair.
  • Follicular Unit Extraction: Minimally Invasive Surgery for Hair Transplantation
    Author: Rassman, Bernstein (Dermatologic Surgery)
    Importance: This paper introduced Follicular Unit Extraction into the medical literature giving the FUE procedure its name. The publication was instrumental in popularizing the FUE procedure in the United States. The paper also identified significant patient variability and describes a test to help determine which patients are appropriate candidates. See the publication Follicular Unit Extraction: Minimally Invasive Surgery for Hair Transplantation.
  • 2004

  • The SAFE System: New Instrumentation and Methodology to Improve Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)
    Author: Harris (Hair Transplant Forum International)
    Importance: This paper described an instrument that combined both sharp and blunt dissection when removing follicular units from the scalp, by altering the speed of the rotating punch. The SAFE System significantly decreased the transection (damage) to follicles inherent in the FUE procedure. It is a system endorsed by Dr. Bernstein. See the SAFE System page in the FUE section.
  • 2011

  • ARTAS Robotic System for FUE
    Bernstein Medical – Center for Hair Restoration offers Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) hair transplants using the ARTAS robotic system, designed by Restoration Robotics. Bernstein Medical is the first clinic on the east coast and the second worldwide to put this new robotic hair transplant technology into clinical use. The ARTAS system allows the precise separation of follicular units from the surrounding tissue. Its advantages include; the ability to minimize damage to follicles during extraction, reduced harvesting time, and increased graft survival compared to manual FUE procedures.

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